Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search This article is about Mother Teresa of Calcutta, Catholic nun and saint. For other uses, see Mother Teresa (disambiguation).

Saint Teresa of Calcutta
Mother Teresa MC
Consecrated religious, nun
BornAnjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu
26 August 1910
Üsküp, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
(present-day Skopje, Republic of Macedonia)
Died5 September 1997 (aged 87)
Calcutta, West Bengal, India (present-day Kolkata)
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified19 October 2003, Saint Peter’s Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Canonized4 September 2016, Saint Peter’s Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis
Major shrineMother House of the Missionaries of Charity, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Feast5 September[1]
AttributesNun’s habitRosary
PatronageWorld Youth DayMissionaries of CharityArchdiocese of Calcutta (co-patron) [2][3]
Mother Teresa
TitleSuperior general
ReligionRoman Catholicism
NationalityOttoman subject (1910–1912)
Serbian subject (1912–1915)
Bulgarian subject (1915–1918)
Yugoslavian subject (1918–1943)
Yugoslavian citizen (1943–1948)
Indian subject (1948–1950)
Indian citizen[4] (1950–1997)
Albanian citizen[5] (1991–1997)
United States, honorary citizenship (awarded 1996)
InstituteSisters of Loreto
Missionaries of Charity
Senior posting
Period in office1950–1997
SuccessorSr. Nirmala Joshi, MC

Mother Teresa, known in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta[6] (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, Albanian: [aˈɲɛzə ˈɡɔndʒɛ bɔjaˈdʒiu]; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an AlbanianIndian[4] Roman Catholic nun and missionary.[7] She was born in Skopje (now the capital of Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. After living in Macedonia for eighteen years she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.

In 1950 Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation which had over 4,500 sisters and was active in 133 countries in 2012. The congregation manages homes for people dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; dispensaries and mobile clinics; children’s- and family-counselling programmes; orphanages, and schools. Members, who take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, also profess a fourth vow: to give “wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor.”[8]

Teresa received a number of honours, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. She was canonised (recognised by the church as a saint) on 4 September 2016, and the anniversary of her death (5 September) is her feast day.

A controversial figure during her life and after her death, Teresa was admired by many for her charitable work. She was praised and criticised for her opposition to abortion, and criticised for poor conditions in her houses for the dying. Her authorised biography was written by Navin Chawla and published in 1992, and she has been the subject of films and other books. On September 6, 2017, Teresa was named co-patron of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta, alongside St. Francis Xavier.